Potential of biofloc technology in aquaculture wastewater treatment

Document Type : Review


1 Higher Institution Centre of Excellence (HICoE), Institute of Tropical Aquaculture and Fisheries (AKUATROP), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia.

2 Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Joseph Sarwuan Tarka University (formerly, Federal University of Agriculture), Makurdi, P.M.B.2373, Benue State, Nigeria.

Graphical Abstract

Potential of biofloc technology in aquaculture wastewater treatment


  • Biofloc Technology (BFT) can serve as an eco-friendly solution for treating aquaculture wastewater.
  • BFT emphasizes the role of microbial communities in nutrient absorption and water quality enhancement.
  • BFT mitigates toxins through bioleaching and microbial decomposition, contributing to a balanced environment in aquaculture systems.


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